• Steve Potter

11/27/2020 : Org Structure - Part 2 - American League


With the Phillies presumably in search of a President of Baseball Operations and a General Manager I thought as a comparison I’d take a look at how each of the 30 MLB teams are structured in regards to team leadership as well as their focus on baseball functions.


This is part two of the two part article series - today I focus on the 15 American League clubs ...


If ya missed part one here’s a link : https://www.philliesbaseballfan.com/post/11-25-2020-org-structure


American League East :


Tampa Rays : one of the most progressive organizations but also steeped in valuing experience - long term senior advisors and only group I’ve seen with a staff development department.


Stuart Sternberg - Principal Owner


Brian Auld - President of Business Operations


Matt Silverman - President of Baseball Operations


Erik Neander - Senior Vice President of Baseball Operations & General Manager


The GM has two Vice Presidents, a Special Assistant ( Bobby Heck ) and two senior advisors who both have long term tenure with the Rays ( RJ Harrison - since 1995 and Mitch Lukevics - 46 years in pro baseball - also with Rays since 1995 ).


Baseball Operations Departmental Focus :


Baseball Performance Science

Baseball Systems

Baseball Staff Development & Recruiting

Research and Development

Medical and Performance

Scouting

Player Development

Operations & Developmental Strategy


...............................................................


New York Yankees :


Hal Steinbrenner - Managing General Partner


Hank Steinbrenner - General Partner/Co- Chairman


Jennifer Steinbrenner Swindal - General Partner/Vice Chairperson


Jessica Steinbrenner - General Partner/Vice Chairperson


Randy Levine - President


Lonn Trost - Chief Operating Officer - responsible for the overall day-to-day functioning of the Yankees’ business operations.


Brian Cashman - Senior Vice President & General Manager - Baseball Operations


The General Manager has one Senior Vice President/Assistant General Manager reporting to him, one Vice President/Assistant General Manager and two Vice Presidents ( Baseball Operations & Scouting ) reporting to him. In addition a Special Assignment Scout ( Jim Hendry ) and five Special Advisors report directly.

Baseball Operations Departmental Focus :


Scouting

Quantitative Analysis

Baseball Operations

Baseball Systems

Player Development

Strength & Conditioning

Medical & Mental Health

Performance Science


..............................................................


Boston Red Sox :


John W Henry - Principal Owner


Thomas C Werner - Chairman


Sam Kennedy - President & CEO

Chaim Bloom - Chief Baseball Officer - responsible for all baseball operations matters.


The Chief Baseball Officer has three Special Assistants, one General Manager and three Executive Vice Presidents/Assistant General Managers reporting directly to him.


Brian O’Halloran - General Manager


Baseball Operations Departmental Focus :


Player Development

Baseball Operations

Research & Development

Scouting

Medical

Baseball Systems

Strength & Conditioning


................................................


Baltimore Orioles :


There are 14 partners in the Ownership Limited Partnership Group


John Angelos - Chairman & CEO


Greg Bader - Senior Vice President - Administration & Experience - oversees all administrative and service functions of the club


Mike Elias - Executive Vice President & General Manager - Baseball Operations - oversees all facets of the club’s baseball operations.


The General Manager has one Vice President/Assistant GM, one Senior Director and six Directors reporting to him.


Baseball Operations Departmental Focus :


Analytics

Scouting

Player Development

Administration

Operations

Baseball Development

Medical

Strength & Conditioning


.......................................................


Toronto Blue Jays :


Edward Rogers - Chairman


Mark Shapiro - President & CEO - oversees both the baseball and business operations for the club.


From the baseball operations side there are five Special Assistants and a GM reporting to the President. From the business side there are three Senior Vice Presidents and four Vice Presidents reporting to the President.

Ross Atkins - Executive Vice President - Baseball Operations & General Manager


The GM has a Senior Vice President - Player Personnel, a Vice President - International Scouting and an Assistant GM reporting to him.


Baseball Operations Departmental Focus :


Scouting

Player Development

Baseball Operations

Baseball Research

Baseball Systems

Medical and Mental Health

High Performance

Sports Science

Strength & Conditioning

.......................................................

American League Central :


Cleveland Indians :


Paul Dolan - Owner/Chairman/CEO


Brian Barren - President - Business Operations


Chris Antonetti - President - Baseball Operations


The President of Baseball Operations has a GM and four Special Assistants reporting to him along with a Special Advisor ( Mark Hargrove ) and a Senior Advisor of Sports & Performance Psychology ( Dr. Charles Maher ).


Mike Chernoff - General Manager


The General Manager has three Assistant General Managers, six Vice Presidents reporting to him and two Special Advisors.


Baseball Operations Departmental Focus :


Baseball Administration

Scouting

Learning & Development

Sports Science

Player Development

Medical

Baseball Research

Performance

Strength & Conditioning


............................................................


Chicago White Sox :


Jerry Reinsdorf - Chairman


Dennis Gilbert - Special Assistant to the Chairman - assists in contract negotiations and consults on other baseball-related issues.


Howard Pizer - Senior Executive Vice President - Business Operations - primary

responsibility for the business and administrative operations.


Ken Williams - Executive Vice President - Baseball Operations - oversight and final approval on major baseball decisions.


Rick Hahn - Senior Vice President and General Manager - Baseball Operations


The GM has one Assistant GM, five Special Assistants and one Special Assignment Director reporting to him.


Baseball Operations Departmental Focus :


Analytics

Scouting

Player Development

Medical

Baseball Operations

Strength & Conditioning


.......................................................


Kansas City Royals :


John Sherman - Chairman and CEO


Brooks Sherman - Senior Advisor to the Chairman - Business Processes


Sarah Tourville - Senior Advisor to the Chairman - Strategy and Innovation


Kevin Uhlich - Senior Vice President - Business Operations


Dayton Moore - Senior Vice President - Baseball Operations & General Manager


The GM has three Vice President/Assistant GM’s, four Assistant GM’s and one Vice President - Baseball Operations reporting to him.


Baseball Operations Departmental Focus :


Player Performance

Scouting

International Operations

Medical

Player Development

Research and Development

Administration

Performance Science

Behavioral Science

Strength & Conditioning


......................................................................


Minnesota Twins :


Jim Pohland - Executive Chairman


Dave St. Peter - President and CEO - Business Operations - oversee the team’s day-to-day operations, strategic planning and interaction with Major League Baseball.

Derek Falvey - President - Baseball Operations - responsible for establishing the vision and related strategies for the club’s baseball operations.

Thad Levine - Senior Vice President and General Manager


The General Manager has one Vice President/Assistant GM, VP - Player Personnel, two Assistant General Managers, a Special Assistant - MLB and four Special Assistants reporting to him.


Baseball Operations Departmental Focus :


Scouting

Player Personnel

Player Development

Baseball Research

Medical

Data Analysis

Strength & Conditioning


.............................................................

Detroit Tigers :


Christopher Ilitch - Chairman and CEO


Chris Granger - Group President


Duane McLean - Executive Vice President - Business Operations


Al Avila - Executive Vice President - Baseball Operations & General Manager


The General Manager has one Vice President/Assistant General Manager, two Vice Presidents ( Player Personnel & Player Development ), three Senior Advisors and seven Special Assistants reporting directly to him.


Baseball Operations Departmental Focus :


Analytics & Operations

Scouting

Player Development

Player Personnel

Baseball Strategies

Strength & Conditioning


..........................................................


American League West :


Oakland Athletics :


John Fisher - Owner/Managing Partner


David Kaval - President - responsible for overall direction but focuses on business side of operations.


There are two Special Assistants to the President ( Ricky Henderson & Rollie Fingers )


Miguel Duarte - Chief of Staff


Billy Beane - Executive Vice President of Baseball Operations


David Forst - General Manager


The GM has two Assistant GM’s and two Special Assistants reporting to him.


Baseball Operations Departmental Focus :


Scouting

Player Personnel

Player Development

Baseball Development & Technology

Administration

Medical

Operations

Research and Analytics

Strength & Conditioning


................................................................


Los Angeles Angels :


Arte & Carole Moreno - Ownership


Dennis Kuhl - Chairman


John Carpino - President - oversees all areas of business, sales, marketing, finance and communications. He is the principal executive in charge of business operations.


Dana Wells - Executive Vice President - business development, ticket sales and special projects.


Perry Minasian - General Manager - oversees all aspects of baseball operations and reports directly to the Owner.


The General Manager has two Assistant GM’s, one Senior Advisor and three Special Assistants ( including ex Phillie Ben Francisco ) reporting to him.

Baseball Operations Departmental Focus :


Scouting

Operations

Strategy

Quantitative Analysis

Baseball Systems

Medical & Performance

Strength & Conditioning


.........................................................


Texas Rangers :


Ray C. Davis - Co-Chairman & Managing Partner


Bob R. Simpson - Co-Chairman


Neil Leibman - Chief Operating Officer & Chairman - Ownership Committee - oversees all of the club’s revenue and business operations areas.


Rob Matwick - Executive Vice President - Business Operations


Jon Daniels - President - Baseball Operations & General Manager


The GM has three Assistant GM’s and six Special Assistants reporting to him.


Baseball Operations Departmental Focus :


Scouting

Sports Science

Medical

Baseball Systems

Player Development

Player Performance

Peak Performance

Operations

Research & Development

Strength & Conditioning


................................................................


Houston Astros :


Jim Crane - Owner & Chairman


Reid Ryan - Executive Advisor - Business Operations


Marcel Braithwaite - Senior Vice President - Business Operations - runs the operational side of the organization.


James Click - General Manager


The GM has one Assistant General Manager and three Special Assistants reporting directly to him.


Baseball Operations Departmental Focus :


Player Evaluation

Baseball Strategy

Player Development

Medical

Research and Development

Scouting

Advance Information

Baseball Technology

Baseball Strategy

Strength & Conditioning


........................................................


Seattle Mariners :


John Stanton - Chairman & Managing Partner


There is a Special Consultant to the Franchise ( Ken Griffey Jr ) and a Special Assistant to the Chairman ( Ichiro ). There is also an Organization Hitting Advisor ( Edgar Martinez ).


Kevin Mather - President & Chief Executive Officer


Randy Adamack - Senior Vice President, Special Advisor to the Chairman & CEO


Jerry DiPoto - Executive Vice President & General Manager - Baseball Operations


The GM has one VP/Assistant GM, one Assistant GM, one VP of Scouting and two Special Assistants reporting directly to him.

Baseball Operations Departmental Focus :


Scouting

Player Development

Baseball Analytics

Medical

Data Strategy

Strength & Conditioning

Research & Development Analytics


.....................................................................

Summary :


Twenty two of the thirty teams have maintained a semblance of the “traditional” organization architecture of a singular Team President/CEO with multiple direct executive reports to them. However only three teams ( Marlins, Mets, Pirates ) have not distinguished titles representative of split executive leadership/focus between business operations and baseball operations.


Five teams ( Brewers, Rangers, Cubs, Indians and Dodgers ) have established dual Presidencies ... one for each part of the split business/baseball equation. The traditional Baseball General Manager role has also seemingly gone by the wayside ... for twelve organizations it’s now incorporated as a report to a higher management tier ( President or Executive VP of Baseball Ops ). I found five teams ( Angels, Astros, Mets, Pirates, Marlins ) that maintain the GM only title as a singular top of the ladder baseball operations role ... thirteen organizations include the Baseball GM nomenclature as part of an Executive or Senior Vice President Baseball Operations title.


The GM role has also been engineered with multiple support roles focused on defined and specific areas within baseball operations. There are multiple roles entitled “Special Assistant”, “Assistant General Manager” and “Special Advisor” that are seemingly essential. Every team has recognized the importance of analytics and systems albeit to different extents. Most teams have honored tradition and experience or at the least publicly present that inclusion. Baseball is certainly a business but the more successful franchises seem to recognize it’s also a family kinship/partnership of past heroes and the identity needs to maintain fan interest, support and belonging.


My Take :


Two of the largest endeavors that I was honored to have a leadership role on were the build, installation and governance of an ERP system ( soup to nuts ... point of purchase to point of sale ). We were challenged with incorporating every aspect of the business, initially before the infamous Y2K cutover and then later as part of a merger. It required communication, the identification of knowledgeable resources, inclusion, education and structured architecture. Once in production it took a willingness to listen, adapt, incorporate and alter. There were no silos of individual or group isolation or actions not interwoven ... the engine couldn’t run without the full train on the tracks.


To me the Phillies can’t afford to not acknowledge that technology has refined the game, it’s instead brought long lived nuances ( yes the shift has always existed ) to focus. At the same time the value of learned knowledge thru experience is vital to be recognized and made equally inclusive. I believe the Rays get it right in that regard with the consistency of the two gentlemen who continually serve as sergeants to the GM in special assistant roles. Splitting the organization under two distinctions ( business and baseball ) also seems prudent and likely required ... the wealth of information now delivered by technology demands it in order to stay competitive in the game. I had a consultant once who told me “Steve, there are no miracles, tis only data” ... I’ll never forgot that ... the data doesn’t interpret itself nor act ... it’s a valued commodity but people are still the ones with the deliverable of utilizing it to succeed.


Communication is alway key ... there needs to be both an inclusive internal sharing of knowledge, a responsibility to listen as well as an ongoing public broadcast to generate and maintain interest. Baseball is ultimately for the fans who adore it. Sometimes there’s a image presented that such an acknowledgment seems to be lost on those embedded in the baseball profession. The media is a partner that must be trusted and informed but so should the internal intelligence of the team itself. A hidden gem of interest, an ability to deliver and share appropriate info, caring to know the people ... not just the actions might be right before the eyes but is worthless if it remains unseen or unheard 🧐😳. Just sayin ...


There is no truly successful governance or entity that doesn’t identify, recognize, embrace and empower their biggest asset ... it’s people. It’s always been and always will be the most important and key concept to attaining and maintaining excellence.


That’s my take ...


Happy Day, Happy Baseball ⚾️



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